Let us tell you that Indian English novels were developed as a subaltern awareness; as a response to break away from the English literature. Hence the Indian writers in English novels witnessed a revolution against the idiom. Eventually the all the India Indian English writers just started to learn the techniques of mixture language, magic realism garnished with native themes. Hence from an era of Indian English literature ushered into the contemporary and then the post-modern era. This epic of the Indian writers in English novels therefore positions as the tale of changing tradition, the story of a changing India.
In the initial days, the stories and concepts were steeped in folklores, myths, written in umpteen languages as India is always the land of stories. In the mid-90th century, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, had initiated social reform programmes and in the process, favoured the Indian writers in English novels for spreading the wealth of information and culture available in British publications. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a master of Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic languages, felt that all renaissance knowledge was compiled mainly in the European languages. At initial the Indians replied with suspicion towards the English language, but later on welcomed it with open arms. English language was granted a special place in India.
The initial requirement of the Indian writers in English novels was the English knowing people. Various factors contributed in the creation of a mass expressing itself in English. One of the major factors was the introduction of the English education in India. Despite suspicion from a section of society that English education was being introduced to create a class of clerks and sycophants who will consequently harm the social and cultural fabric of India; it encouraged the cultivation and mastery of English as a language. Gradually more and more people came in contact of Indian writers in English novels.
The nineteenth century intellectuals began to question the orthodox prejudices, dogmas and superstitions that prevailed in India. The impact of Western learning gave a new impetus to Indian renaissance. Indian society underwent a metamorphosis. The revival of Indian classical learning and the introduction and the study of European arts and sciences gave rise to an unprecedented awakening in India for Indian writers in English novels. For the first while in India, mid class of intellects began to emerge from the feudal society, giving rise to intense nationalism, during which the Indians struggled to articulate their passionate thoughts and feelings through whatever means were available to them. Writers like Swami Vivekananda, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Dinabandhu Mitra, Saratchandra Chatterjee caught up in the provincial patriotism, revived the regional languages, others believing that the English rule had come to stay studied and used the language of the rulers, giving rise to a new genre of Indian English, initially termed as Anglo-Indian literature.